ANLAGE 1.4 TRGS 519 PDF
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Post on Dec views. Responsible Care Code Book. Research Triangle Park, North Carolina: A Guide to Safety, 2ndEdition. A Life Cycle Approach. Guidelines for Engineering Design for Process Safety. Guidelines for Safe Warehousing of Chemicals. Guidelines for Consequence Analysis of Chemical Releases. What You Need To Know.
Layer of Protection Analysis: Simplified Process Risk Assessment. Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board. The Explosion at Concept Sciences: Chemical Safety and HazardInvestigation Board. Improving Reactive Hazard Management. Critical Safe Operating Parameters: Process Safety Progress 20 3. 11.4 from Policy to Practices: Process Safety Progress 21 1.
Chemical Emergency and Preparedness Advisory. Data, Assessment Criteria, Measures. Order online at www. American Institute of Chemical Engineers. AReview of Chemical Compatibility Issues. Thermal Hazards of Chemical Reactions.
Process Safety Progress13 4: Plant Design for Safety. Loss Prevention in the Process Industries: Chemical Reaction Hazard Identification and Evaluation: Taking the First Steps. Chemical Engineering Progress 96 National Fire Protection Association. Hazardous Chemicals Data, Edition, Amended Chemical Reactivity Worksheet, Version 1. National Oceanic andAtmospheric Administration.
Occupational Safety and Health Act ofSection trfs a 1. PublicLaw91st Congress, S. McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Tegs. Rapid Guide to Chemical Incompatibilities. Technischer Ausschuss fr Trggs. Safety of Reactive Chemicals and Pyrotechnics. CCPS b referenced above includes, as its Appendix A, an anno-tated bibliography of chemical reactivity hazards literature sources,grouped as: Management elements common to all safety manage-ment systems, such as emergency response, have not been included in thischapter.
As discussed in Section2.
This chapter assumes chemical reactivity hazards exist at your facility. If you are uncertain whether or not you have any chemical reactivity haz-ards, the Preliminary Screening Method in Chapter 51 can be used to helpidentify 159 chemical reactivity hazards may be present.
To prevent incidents, a facility must nalage be well designed, but also properly operated and maintained. A com-mitment to safety from all levels of management is essential, to ensure thatall safety aspects receive adequate priority.
In practice, conflicts of interestmay arise between safety and other goals such as production demands andbudgets. In these cases, the management attitude will be decisive. In real-ity, such a conflict may only be an apparent one, because safety, efficiency,and product quality all depend on a reliable production facility with a lowfrequency of technical troubles and safety problems CCPS a. Developing a management system is not a one-time project. It must beable to manage even subtle material, equipment or personnel changes thatmay have a yrgs effect on the safety of the operation.
These mayinclude a minor change in raw material purity, a modification to the shapeof a vessel where heat transfer is important, or a change in how an opera-tion is supervised. An honest comparison of acompanys current practice with the items in this list can be used to pointout the gaps that need to be filled.
Essential Practices for Managing Chemical Reactivity Hazards – [RAR Document]
If you are just getting started with chem-ical reactivity hazard management, this shows what is needed to develop asuccessful management system. Flowchart for implementing chemical reactivity hazard management.
Numbers refer to sections in this book. It is fully recognized that having a management system in place thatmatches all of the items in Table 4. Nevertheless, these items are fundamental, andattempts to continue with the remaining essential elements in this chapterwill not likely succeed over time if management commitment and involve-ment are not obvious or adequate resources are not made available.
anlage trgs pdf – PDF Files
Case histories of chemical reactivity incidents, such as those in Appen-dix A-1, are useful in getting needed attention and priority for a chemicalreactivity hazard management system. However, itshould be noted that the company programs on the CD-ROM are for facili-ties practicing intentional chemistry which, as noted in Section 3. The attributes of a managementsystem listed in Table 4. The keystone of managing chemical reactivity hazards is line responsi-bility.
The line referred to here is the chain of command and authoritythat extends from the operator to the chief executive officer of the com-pany.
When all the advice and consultation is gathered relative to an issue,such as from relevant area experts and safety personnel, it is the businessresponsibility to provide leadership. It does so by communicating values,setting policy, making appropriate decisions, allocating the necessaryresources, and following up to ensure implementation.
Implied in line responsibility is a clear understanding of facility owner-ship, including who owns the facilitys chemical reactivity hazards. Thisgenerally falls to the plant superintendent or plant manager.
One com-pany implements this by defining and documenting ownership of thereactive chemistry during the initial concept and development stages of anew process. Ownership of the reactive chemistry is then formally passedto line management of the actual facility when built.
Safety PolicyThe process of hazard management begins with management support,commitment, and action. It is essential that management establishes,clearly communicates and sustains a consistent policy regarding managingthese hazards. This is most often expressed in a formal statement contain-ing the following attributes: It reflects the values of the companywhat is really important Dowell It communicates managements commitment to identifying, reduc-ing, and controlling chemical reactivity hazards throughout theentire facility life.
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It recognizes the importance of managing chemical reactivity haz-ards to avoid serious incidents. It endorses sustained commitment of resources for all necessaryactivities, including material testing, as well as the timely completionand documentation of review, audit, 5199 investigation action itemresolutions. Organizations may have an existing policy that can be modified toincorporate the above concepts.
It may not be necessary to anlagw a newand separate policy. Resource AllocationA policy statement alone is worth very little. Management must provide asustained commitment of resources for trbs ongoing program. The mostimportant resources alage the right people having the background, qualifica-tions, experience and commitment needed to safely operate and maintainthe facility.
This includes the technical expertise to understand chemicalreactivity hazards and their control and the means to maintain the neededknowledge over time. Another major area where management commitment is expressed isallocating the manpower and resources for timely implementation ofaction items.
New facility design, inherent safety reviews, process hazardanalyses, incident investigations, audits, and other activities associatedwith hazard management will result in the formulation of many actionitems. If real improvement is to occur, these action items must be properlyaddressed and closed out. This will rarely happen, especially in a timelymanner, unless a system is in place for documenting, assigning, and track-ing them to resolution, and management regularly oversees their statusand pushes for their completion.
Responsibilities and AccountabilityA system to manage chemical reactivity 1. will obviously look differ-ent for a warehouse than for a facility where intentional chemistry is prac-ticed.
Nevertheless, common to both is the need to specifically define anddocument responsibilities for every aspect of managing chemical reactivityhazards, and then for line management to hold all anlave in positionswith designated responsibilities accountable to perform their duties.
Thisobviously goes hand in hand with line management allocating sufficientresources to make fulfillment of the responsibilities possible, and equip-ping the responsible persons with the information and training needed todo their jobs safely. The latter is especially important when managingchemical reactivity hazards, since the nature of the hazards requires somedegree of understanding of the trrgs reactivity hazards and the possi-ble consequences if an uncontrolled chemical reaction occurs.
Procedures and job descriptions may specify some of tgs for an existing facility. Development of a managementsystem will be most effective with broad input from the persons who willbe given the annlage responsibilities and be held accountable to fulfillthem. Reviews, Audits, and InvestigationsProcess hazard reviews should begin with a thorough understanding of allthe factors and conditions associated with a process.
Starting a xnlage analysis, much less a detailed reactivity testing program, beforegaining this understanding will be inefficient. Periodic reviews and reevaluations are necessary to ensure the chemi-cal reactivity hazard management system continues to function as origi-nally intended and continues to achieve the desired results.
This periodicreview recognizes the fact that organizations are dynamic entities withconstantly evolving management staffing. One obvious benefit of periodicreviews is verification that audit findings and preventive action recom-mendations have been resolved to completion and documented.